1no Kohora Gaon, Bogorijuri Kaziranga National Park ,         Dist: Golaghat, Assam (India) Pin:785109

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KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK

Kaziranga is situated to the south of Karbianglong hills and on the northern bank of river Brahmaputra. The Kaziranga National Park area was formed by silt deposition of Brahmaputra and its tributaries. In course of time the area has been evolved into vast alluvial grasslands interspersed with patches of tropical mixed moist deciduous forest and numerous water-bodies. It is a dream come true that now Kaziranga is a title of remarkable success story of conservation of One Horned Rhinoceros and other wild life in North East India including some threatened species of animals, birds and plants. The twin ecological and biological balances of this park is significant for natural habitats and for these values and criteria in-situ conservation of biological diversity made Kaziranga National Park to get inscribed in the World Heritage Site list in 1985. The significant conservation values of Wild Life in this Park have recorded to world’s largest population of Indian one horned rhinos, Asiatic wild buffalo, Eastern swamp deer, high density of Tiger, large number of Asiatic elephant, Hog deer, variety of fishes, different species of birds and other wild life. 

HISTORY OF KAZIRANGA:- In 1905, Government published a preliminary  notification with a intention to declare Kaziranga as a Reserved Forest and was later declared in the year 1908. In 1916 Kaziranga was declared as a Game sanctuary and was opened to visitors in 1937. Kaziranga was declared Wild Life Sanctuary in1950. In 1966, the first scientific and systematic census of large mammals was implemented followed by the introduction of Assam National Park Act at the assembly in 1968. The then Government focused his intention to make Kaziranga a National Park with the publication of preliminary notification in the year 1969 and the intention was changed to reality on the 1st day of January in 1974 along with the first wild life area in the country to be equipped with wireless communication network in 1975 which led to attain the Chairman’s Challenge Trophy of Indian Board of Wildlife for best managed National Park in 1985. The fruit of teamwork attained success in the year 1998 bringing a special award for Best Team Work in handing exigencies with Rs.2 Lakhs for the Formation of Kaziranga staff welfare society followed by the Millennium Award with Rs.2 Lakhs in the year 2000.   

Tigers in Kaziranga:- If Rhinoceros is the soul then the Tiger is the spirit of this magnificent wilderness of Kaziranga National Park. The vast spreading alluvial flood plain interspersed with patches of Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest with elephant grasses helps the Tigers to make their prey and earn their lively hood. The result of this natural shelter to this specie of Tigers have resulted to the increment of population over different following mentioned census counts:- 

1972 – 29 tigers
1993 – 72 tigers
1997 – 80 tigers
2000 – 86 tigers

CREATURES OF KAZIRANGA:- The Kaziranga national Park supports more than 35 species of mammals of which 15 species belong to schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act 1972. It is the home to mammals like one horned rhinos, Asiatic wild buffalo, Royal Bengal tigers, Capped Langur, Holock Gibbon, Leopard, sloth bear, Gangatic Dolphin, Indian Elephant, Rhesus Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Barking Deer, Pangolin, various species of Bats, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badger, Otter and many more. Numerous water bodies constitute rich reservoir of food and thousands migratory birds representing over hundred species visit the park during the winter from as far as Siberia. A total of 480 species of birds are recorded including 25 globally threatened species and 21 near threatened species. Besides there are more than 40 species of fishes, 7 species of Reptiles, 5 species of Amphibian are recorded in Kaziranga National Park.  

TOURISM:- Kaziranga National Park is one of the major tourist attractions in this part of world. Kaziranga is said to be tourist friendly National Park. The Park comprises of three ranges namely Western, Central and Eastern ranges and Park remains open from November till last week of April. Panbari is the trekking zone of this park. Elephant safari and jeep safari are the means to travel inside and explore the forest.